DoD Certificates and Why They Are Needed

DoD Certificates and Why They Are Needed

DoD websites often require installing a military certificate in order to avoid security warnings, which is accomplished with a program known as “InstallRoot_NonAdmin_”x.x”.

This is a lighter solution to downloading full CRLs; for more detailed instructions please see our InstallRoot page. Generally speaking, your CAC (Common Access Card) needs to be installed for these certificates to work on your machine.

Medium Assurance Certificates

Some business entities, particularly Government or Financial institutions, require their clients to use certificates with Medium or High levels of assurance for digital transactions. Their requirements typically stipulate Class 2 or 3 Certificates are used; low assurance certificates such as Class 1 are only verified to confirm ownership of an email address by its applicant; there are no identity verification checks performed – known as Domain Validation (DV).

Medium Assurance Hardware certificates are issued to contractors with CAC or PIV cards who need access the DBPAO Online Ordering System for Contractor Accountability and Resource Allocation, OSCAR, that resides on the DoD network. With these certificates in their possession, contractors can securely access their orders and monitor order status 24/7 using WidePoint-ORC and IdenTrust as doD approved ECAs that issue these certificates.

ECAs also provide Medium Assurance Software and Medium Token certificates designed specifically for software applications. Their private keys are stored on hardware tokens – usually USB drives that plug directly into a computer – where their private key can be easily retrieved by entering its password or pin number to unlock them and gain access to an application.

Certificate holders in internal quality assurance can advance their careers in quality management by leading quality initiatives in their organizations, helping their colleagues navigate quality issues and providing mentorship to junior employees. Benefits of taking this career path include recognition for knowledge and skills acquired which increases responsibility, opportunities and job satisfaction at companies; it may also improve job satisfaction overall. Although earning such certification may take more effort and time than anticipated; its rewards make the effort worth your while and show employers that you are part of a team; ultimately it could determine whether you get promoted or not!

High Assurance Certificates

Systems we rely on for national security undergo rigorous testing and evaluation procedures, but they still often don’t function as intended or even cease functioning altogether due to errors that cannot be discovered through testing or evaluation processes. Utilizing highly secured certificates can help minimize vulnerabilities by creating an extra layer of trust between your website visitors and yourself.

SSL Certificates come in three levels of assurance. Low and medium level certificates can only validate domains; high assurance SSL Certificates verify a company’s legal and physical presence, too. High assurance SSL certificates are known as Organization Validation (OV) certificates and can be used by small, medium or large-volume ecommerce websites alike.

OV Certificates require applicants to pass both domain control validation and business existence verification by the Certificate Authority – typically two business days for this process – in order to gain their use. In addition to strong encryption levels and trust levels for visitors, these certificates also feature dynamic Site Seals which build loyalty among your target market.

EV Certificates are the highest level certificates available with green address bars on web browsers. In order to issue these certificates, a higher level of validation than is necessary with other certificates such as OV and can only be requested from verified companies – meaning a Certificate Authority must perform an in-depth DCV verification on both the legal and physical presence of an organization prior to issuing an EV certificate.

These certificates are ideal for large ecommerce sites and public sector websites with heavy traffic volumes, and come equipped with generous warranties to give customers peace of mind. In addition, a Certificate with extended validation displays your company name in the green address bar in web browsers making it easier for people to identify and connect with you online. However, be mindful that high assurance Certificates with green address bars do cost more than standard domain validated (DV) certificates but may well justify the extra investment for many businesses.

NPE Certificates

NPE certificates are untethered from human identities and can be used to access systems and sensitive data without being tied back to any one individual, making them a prime target for malicious actors who use them to gain entry to networks before spreading laterally through applications environments. NPEs often run in the background executing system commands making them easy targets for any form of malicious activity; moreover, their rotation frequency tends to be lower compared with other credentials, making them harder to detect or replace once compromised.

To reduce this threat, NPEs must be regularly identified and monitored using an NPE Certificate Management System (CCMS). This tool helps scan and monitor NPEs in an application ecosystem before automatically replacing them when their lifecycle runs out. From March through June, the current software/hardware platform of the CCMS will be upgraded with more secure technology.

During this period, CCMS will no longer be accessible for new certificate requests or renewals. Commands should use the NPE Portal as detailed in MCEN OPADV 0063-20 to request NPE certificates for their applications.

The NSS PKI is a public key infrastructure designed to facilitate interoperability among Federal agencies on Secret networks. Established by CNSS Policy No. 25 and implemented by DISA, this PKI infrastructure provides stronger authentication and encryption of devices on NIPRNET and SIPRNET; additionally it boasts a powerful Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) responder infrastructure which enables users to quickly verify device certificates’ integrity.

Purebred provides an efficient system for issuing NPE certificates to devices on NIPRNET and SIPRNET. NPEs are service accounts used by DOD networks and resources that offer similar access as commercial sector accounts; NPEs may be used for various purposes including encryption of configuration data for devices or SSL/TLS encryption on email communications.

Purebred Certificates

A purebred certificate is a document which certifies an animal as being from its breed of origin and may also include genetic testing results and used to prevent inbreeding. You can obtain such a certificate from any recognized breeding organization and present it to customs agents before importing the animal; additionally, microchip or tattoo identification must also be present and the breeder should offer guarantees that this animal is free of diseases.

DOD CACs allow users to securely access work resources without the need for smart card readers and CACs to login; additionally, this derived credential solution implements National Institute of Standards and Technology guidelines on Derived Personal Identity Verification (PIV) credentials defined in Special Publication 800-157.

If you wish to use DISA Purebred-derived credential certificates for S/MIME or Certificate-based authentication, configure Workspace ONE Boxer admin by setting the authentication type as Certificate with Purebred as the certificate source. Next, launch PIV-D Manager app on managed device and tap “LISTINGS for DISA Purebred Credential”

After installing a DISA Purebred-derived credential on iOS devices, its certificates are automatically passed to PIV-D Manager app and then Mobile@Work for iOS; Mobile@Work then installs them as virtual smart cards ready to use for signing or encryption.

Zootechnical certificates contain vital information regarding an animal or germinal product(s), such as its pedigree and identification. If you operate a breeding operation or breed society, recognition to issue these certificates from the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO, in Dutch) can be requested and granted; while this document holds no legal standing it does provide proof of existence of both its members and organization.

Sam is an experienced information security specialist who works with enterprises to mature and improve their enterprise security programs. Previously, he worked as a security news reporter.